Publication Ethics

All parties engaged in the publication process, including the author, journal editor, peer reviewer, and publisher, are held to high ethical standards by LEVIOPUS. LEVIOPUS is a peer-reviewed journal published twice a year (in August and December) by the Forum Penelitian dan Penulisan Hukum Palapa. It is available both in print and online as open access sources. All parties engaged in the act of publishing an article in this journal, including the author, the editor-in-chief, the Editorial Board, the reviewer, and the publisher, are bound by this statement. COPE's Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors provide the basis for this statement.

Ethical Guideline for Journal Publication
The publication of an article in LEVIOPUS is a critical component in the creation of a cohesive and well-respected knowledge network. It is a direct reflection of writers' and institutions' ability to produce high-quality content. Scientific procedures are supported and embodied in peer-reviewed articles. As a result, it's critical to agree on ethical norms for all parties engaged in the publication process: the author, the editor, the reviewer, the publisher, and the society. LEVIOPUS takes its role as publisher and protector of all stages of publication very seriously, and it acknowledges its ethical and other responsibilities. LEVIOPUS is dedicated to ensuring that advertising, reprint, or other commercial money has no bearing on the content of the website.

Publication decisions
The editors of LEVIOPUS are in charge of determining which of the journal's articles should be published. The editors may be influenced by the editorial rules of LEVIOPUS and bound by any legal restrictions that may be in effect at the time, such as libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. When making publication decisions, the editor may consult with other editors or reviewers.

Fair Play
Editor reviews articles for intellectual content at any time, regardless of the writers' color, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic background, citizenship, or political ideology.

The corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, where appropriate, are the only people who should know about the manuscript that has been submitted to them.

Disclosure and conflicts of Interest
Without the author's expressed written authorization, unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript may not be used in an editor's personal research.


Contribution to Editorial Decisions
Peer review supports the editor in making editing judgments, and it may also assist the author in enhancing the article through editorial contacts with the author.

Any selected referee who believes he or she is unqualified to examine the research provided in a paper or understands that timely review is impossible, should tell the editor and withdraw from the review process.

Manuscripts submitted for review must be treated as private papers. They must not be displayed to or discussed with anybody else unless the editor has given permission.

Standards of Objectivity
Reviews should be carried out with a level of objectivity. It is not appropriate to criticize the author personally. Referees should convey their opinions clearly and with evidence to back them up.

Acknowledgement of Sources
Reviewers should look for relevant published work that the authors haven't included. Any claim that an observation, derivation, or argument has previously been published should be accompanied by a citation. Any significant resemblance or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published material about which the reviewer has personal information should be brought to the editor's notice.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest
Confidential information or ideas received through peer review must be kept private and not exploited for personal gain. Reviewers should avoid considering manuscripts in which they have competing, collaborating, or other relationships or affiliations with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the articles.

Review Process
In the form of "double-blind review," every manuscript submitted to Mimbar Hukum is separately reviewed by at least two reviewers. Their reports/recommendations are used to make decisions about publishing, revision, or rejection. If necessary, the editor may send an article to a third reviewer for review before making a decision in some situations.


Reporting standards
Authors of original research papers should include a detailed overview of the work done as well as an objective assessment of its relevance. The article should appropriately portray the underlying data. A paper should include enough information and references to allow others to duplicate the work. False or willfully inaccurate statements are unethical and must be avoided at all costs.

Data Access and Retention
If applicable, authors are required to supply raw data in conjunction with a manuscript for editorial review, and should be willing to make such data publicly available if possible, and in any case, to keep such data for a reasonable period of time following publication.

Originality and Plagiarism
The authors should make sure that their works are entirely unique, and that if they have used the work and/or words of others, they have to properly cite or quote them.

Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication
In general, an author should not submit articles to more than one journal or primary publication reporting essentially the same study. Authors that simultaneously submit the same paper to many journals are engaging in unethical publishing behavior, which is undesirable and vulnerable to blacklisting.

Acknowledgement of Sources
It is always necessary to give proper credit to others' efforts. Authors should reference publications that influence the nature of the work they are reporting.

Authorship of the Paper
Only individuals who made a major contribution to the study's conception, design, implementation, or interpretation should be listed as authors. Co-authors should include everyone who has made a substantial contribution. Other contributors should be acknowledged or identified as contributors if they have contributed to specific substantial areas of the research effort. The corresponding author should make sure that the work has all suitable co-authors and no unsuitable co-authors, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper before submitting it for publication.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
Any financial or other substantial conflict of interest that could be regarded as influencing the results or interpretation of their manuscript should be disclosed by all authors in their manuscript. All sources of funding for the project should be made public. When an author discovers a serious error or inaccuracy in his or her own published work, it is the author's responsibility to contact the journal editor or publisher as soon as possible and to collaborate with the editor in retracting or correcting the piece.

Fundamental errors in Published Works
When an author discovers a serious error or inaccuracy in his or her own published work, it is the author's responsibility to contact the journal editor or publisher as soon as possible and to collaborate with the editor in retracting or correcting the piece.